Collection ID: MS 1785

Collection context

Summary

Creator:
Nauts, Helen C. (Helen Coley), 1907-2001
Date:
1875-2000
Abstract:
The papers consist of patient files, correspondence, writings, subject files, and other materials documenting the careers of Helen Coley Nauts and her father, William Coley. The collection includes information regarding the use of "Coley toxins," a vaccine developed by Coley and promoted by Nauts, which has been used successfully in the treatment of cancer.
Extent:
117.5 Linear Feet
Language:
English

Background

Acquisition information:
Gift of Phyllis Nauts, 2001.
Rules or conventions:
translation missing: en.enumerations.resource_finding_aid_description_rules.Finding aid created in accordance with Manuscripts and Archives Processing Manual
Scope and Content:

The papers consist of patient files, correspondence, writings, subject files, and other materials documenting the careers of Helen Coley Nauts and her father, William Coley. The collection includes information regarding the use of "Coley toxins," a vaccine developed by Coley and promoted by Nauts, which has been used successfully in the treatment of cancer.

Biographical / Historical:

Helen Coley Nauts was born September 2, 1907, in Sharon, Connecticut, to William Bradley and Alice (Lancaster) Coley. In 1953, she founded the Cancer Research Institute, largely to support research relating to the work of her father, a surgeon and cancer specialist who, prior to his death in 1936, developed an early form of immunotherapy as a method for treating cancer. To treat cancer patients, Dr. Coley administered "Coley toxins," a mixture of live bacteria intended to spark the body into producing its own defenses against the disease. Although Coley recorded many successes with his treatment, his work became overshadowed by radiation and chemotherapy. Through the Cancer Research Institute, Helen Coley Nauts succeeded in bringing attention to Dr. Coley's work by putting together case studies, publishing monographs, advocating this treatment to doctors and patients, and raising and disbursing funds for cancer research. In the process, Nauts served as executive director of the Cancer Research Institute from 1953 to 1982 and remained actively involved in the organization until her death on January 2, 2001.

Arrangement:

Arranged in six series: I. Helen Coley Nauts Active Files. II. William B. Coley Medical Files. III. Cancer Research Institute Files. IV. Helen Coley Nauts Family Papers. V. William B. Coley Work Files and Family Papers. VI. Writings and Miscellaneous.

Access

LOCATION OF THIS COLLECTION:
Sterling Memorial Library
Yale Campus
New Haven, CT, USA
CONTACT:
(203) 432-1735
mssa.assist@yale.edu