Collection ID: MS 478

Collection context


McCormick, Vance Criswell, 1872-1946
Correspondence, papers relating to World War I and the Paris Peace Conference, and personal memorabilia of Vance C. McCormick, statesman and politician. These papers relate largely to McCormick's participation in the London Inter-Allied Conference (the "House Mission") and the American Commission to Negotiate Peace in Paris. They were formerly a part of the House Collection.
7 Linear Feet


Acquisition information:
Gift of Vance C. McCormick, 1942.
Rules or conventions:
translation missing: en.enumerations.resource_finding_aid_description_rules.Finding aid created in accordance with Manuscripts and Archives Processing Manual
Scope and Content:

The McCormick papers comprise material dealing primarily with McCormick's official career during the latter stages of World War I and at the Paris Peace Conference - most of which material is not duplicated in the rich collection of political papers given earlier to the Yale University Library by Colonel E. M. House, Gordon Auchincloss, and Charles Seymour. The collection is divided into five series which are arranged as follows:

I. General Correspondence (3 boxes).

II. The War (1 box). Primarily material dealing with the Inter-Allied Conference of November - December 1917.

III. The Peace Conference (8 boxes). The bulk of the material comprises (a) memoranda and reports on reparations problems and general economic questions; (b) copies of the reports of the Central Bureau of Planning and Statistics; and (c) copies of miscellaneous official cables concerning War Trade Board activities during the period November 1918-July 1919.

IV. Reports of the Engineering Department (4 boxes). A series of 19 volumes prepared for the American Commission to Negotiate Peace entitled "War Damages in Allied Countries."

V. Personal and Memorabilia (2 boxes). This includes a copy of McCormick's personal Diary (printed privately) which describes his participation at the London Inter-Allied Conference and at the Paris Peace Conference.

Biographical / Historical:

Vance Criswell McCormick was born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, on June 19, 1872. He attended Andover and received his Ph. B. from Yale in 1893. After graduation McCormick was associated in various business ventures with his father.

In 1902, he began his serious and lifelong connection with the journalistic and publishing worlds as well as his involvement in state and national Democratic party politics. McCormick was the Democratic candidate for Governor of Pennsylvania in 1914; he was appointed chairman of the Democratic National Committee in 1916; and served as chairman of the War Trade Board during the crucial years 1916-1919. In the fall of 1917 President Wilson also sent McCormick to London as a member of Colonel House's special American War Mission to the Inter-Allied Conference; and a year later he appointed him Adviser on Economic Questions to the American Commission to Negotiate Peace.

While in Paris, McCormick served as chairman of the Superior Allied Blockade Council, as a member of the Supreme Economic Council, and as a member of the Commission on Reparations. After the signing of the treaty of peace - and for the better part of the succeeding twenty-five years - McCormick resumed his active participation in Democratic politics, Pennsylvania civic and educational affairs, and Yale University alumni affairs. He died in June 1946.


Arranged in five series: I. General Correspondence. II. The War. III. The Peace Conference. IV. Reports of the Engineering Department. V. Personal and Memorabilia.

Indexed Terms

World War, 1914-1918
League to Enforce Peace (U.S.)
Inter-Allied Conference on Reparations and International Debts -- London, England -- 1917
Paris Peace Conference. United States Territorial Section (1919-1920. United States Territorial Section) -- 1919-1920
Auchincloss, Gordon, 1886-1943
Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937
BeneŇ°, Edvard, 1884-1948
Burleson, Albert Sidney, 1863-1937
Cecil of Chelwood, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount, 1864-1958
Clemenceau, Georges, 1841-1929
Crowder, E. H. (Enoch Herbert), 1859-1932
Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948
Davis, John W. (John William), 1873-1955
Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959
Goethals, George W. (George Washington), 1858-1928
Gorgas, William Crawford, 1854-1920
Graham, Samuel Jordan, 1859-1951
Gregory, Thomas Watt, 1861-1933
Grew, Joseph C. (Joseph Clark), 1880-1965
Halifax, Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, Earl of, 1881-1959
Harmsworth, Cecil, 1869-1948
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964
Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955
Jusserand, J. J. (Jean Jules), 1855-1932
Keppel, Frederick P. (Frederick Paul), 1875-1943
Lane, Franklin K.
Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928
McAdoo, W. G. (William Gibbs), 1863-1941
MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964
McCormick, Nettie Fowler, 1835-1923
McCormick, Vance Criswell, 1872-1946
Mixter, George W. (George Webber), 1876-1947
Pershing, John J. (John Joseph), 1860-1948
Praegar, Otto, 1861-1948
Redfield, William Cox, 1858-1932
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
Saltzman, Charles McKinley, 1871-1942
Snow, Chauncey Depew
Spring Rice, Cecil, Sir, 1859-1918
Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950
Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930
Tumulty, Joseph P. (Joseph Patrick), 1879-1954
Vrooman, Carl Schurz, 1872-1966
White, Henry, 1850-1927
Whitlock, Brand, 1869-1934
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924


Sterling Memorial Library
Yale Campus
New Haven, CT, USA
(203) 432-1735