Collection ID: MS 466

Collection context


House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938 and Hodgson, Godfrey
1860-2007, bulk 1885-1938
The papers consist of correspondence, diaries, memoirs, writings, photographs, memorabilia, and other papers documenting Edward M. House's personal life and political career. The diary details his childhood experiences and also notes political observations (1912-1924). Materials relating to the Paris Peace Conference include minutes of meetings of the Supreme Council and memoranda from various countries presenting claims. Writings include essays, reviews, novels, and other works. Correspondence includes letters to and from Woodrow Wilson, Charles Seymour, American and foreign politicians, and newspaper and political journalists. Also includes DVDs of Godfrey Hodgson's lectures and an interview regarding his biography of House.
267.58 Linear Feet
The materials are in English, German, and French.


Acquisition information:
Gift of Edward M. House beginning in 1923. Gift of Edward H. Auchincloss, 1991, 2007, 2018. Gift of Maryland Historical Trust, 2003. Gift of James E. Marlow, 2019.
Rules or conventions:
translation missing: en.enumerations.resource_finding_aid_description_rules.Finding aid created in accordance with Manuscripts and Archives Processing Manual
Scope and Content:

The materials in these papers relate to a period extending from 1885 to 1938 and reflect Colonel House's three major (and lifelong) professional interests: developments in Texas, Democratic Party politics, and foreign affairs. The papers are especially useful to students of the period 1912 to 1919, when Colonel House served as President Wilson's principal political adviser. Probably the richest part of the entire collection deals with Colonel House's experiences at the Paris Peace Conference of 1918-1919.

Series I, Correspondence, the most extensive part of the papers, covers the years 1894-1938. The series include the originals or copies of all personal as well as most official (or semi-official) communications preserved by Colonel House.*** The Correspondence files include letters to House from more than 6,000 individuals as well as copies of his replies to them. Of particular interest are the letters to and from Woodrow Wilson, Charles Seymour, foreign statesmen, and American ambassadors.

Series II, Diaries, contains typewritten transcripts of three separate documents prepared over a number of years under Colonel House's personal supervision. The diary provides a daily record of Colonel House's activities from 1912 to 1919, and less elaborate entries from 1920 to 1926. It was dictated almost daily to Frances Denton, House's private secretary, who accompanied him on all his trips abroad. The work is remarkable for its revelation of House's frank and personal assessments of the personalities and projects of the era. The "Memories" and "Reminiscences" provide autobiographical account of House's life, supplementing the diary. Also included in the series are logbooks kept from October 31, 1918 to June 29, 1919, which provide evidence of the number of individuals who visited House private office.

Series III, Political Papers, is divided into three principal sections: Domestic and International Questions, 1911-1918; The Paris Peace Conference, 1918-1919; Domestic and International Questions, 1920-38. Of these, The Paris Peace Conference, 1918-1919, is by far the most extensive and second only to the Diary and certain segments of General Correspondence in overall interest and historical value.

Series IV, Writings, includes preliminary and final drafts (along with the printed versions, where available) of almost everything written by Colonel House: items range from House's now famous "experimental novel" Philip Dru (1912), and the dozens of articles written for Liberty and McCall'sduring the interwar period, to various unpublished shorter essays, reviews and occasional pieces.

Series V, Personal and Memorabilia, contains copies of over 75 magazine and newspaper articles, as well as an immense collection of newspaper clippings (especially rich for the years 1912-1922 and 1926-1928), personal scrapbooks and a small collection of photographs, and a miscellanea of additional items.

Also included are Godfrey Hodgson's lectures and an interview regarding his biography of House.

Biographical / Historical:

Edward Mandell House was born July 26, 1858 in Houston, Texas. He became active in Texas politics and served as an advisor to President Woodrow Wilson, particularly in the area of foreign affairs. One of America's greatest diplomats, he served as Wilson's chief negotiator in Europe (1917-1919) and as chief deputy for Wilson at the Paris Peace Conference. His major achievements were participating in the drafting of Wilson's Fourteen Points and the Covenant of the League of Nations; and securing an armistice based on American ideals. He died on March 28, 1938 in New York City.


Arranged in five series and six additions: I. Correspondence, 1894-1938. II. Diaries, 1858-1926. III. Political Papers, 1911-1938. IV. Writings, 1912-1938. V. Personal and Memorabilia, 1892-1938.

Adams, W. A.Alexander, L. C.Allen, A. C.Allen, L. B.Allen, SamAllin, B. C.Amberg, C. W.Anderson, W. E.Andrews, Edw. H.Andrews, FrankAndrew's, Mrs. FrankArdrey, J. HowardArmistead, George D.Arrowood, Charles F.Austin City CouncilAustin, City ofBagley, W. H.Bailey, George M.Bailey, Marten ?Baker, R. H.Baker, SearcyBall, Thomas H.Banks, W. S.Barbee, Will L.Barkley, E. J.Barker, BobBates, Frank T.Bates, WhartonBatts, R. L .Baugh, W. M.Beall, JackBell, c. K.Bell, J. FranklinBenedict, H. Y.Blackshear, E. L.Blaffer, Robert L.Blake, J. W.Blanton, Annie WebbBlanton, Thomas L.Bookhout, John B.Box, John C.Bradley, ShieldsBrahan, R. W.Brooks, M. M.Brown, T. J.Browning, James N.Bryan, D. D.Bryan, Guy M.Bryan, Lewis R.Bryan, Lewis R. , Jr.Bryant, J. D.Buckley, W. F.Burgess, George F.Burleson, A. S.Busby, A. S.Bushick, F. H.Camp, Kate (Mrs. B. W.)Campbell, BenCampbell, Fannie (Mrs. T. M.)Campbell, T. M.Carden, George A.Carroll, B. Harvey, Jr.Carthen, AllenCobb, Zach LamarCobbs, T. D.Colquitt, O. B.Connally, TomCravens, N. A.Cresson, Charles C.Cross, O. H.Crowley, MilesCruger, Anne D.Cruger, Mrs. P. B.Cruger, Paul B.Culberson, C. A.Culberson, Sally (Mrs. C. A.)CullinanCushing, E. B.Daly, J. J.Daniel, F. E.Davidson, T. W.Davis, F. C.Davis, V. JeffersonDealey, G. B.Denton, AshleyDenton, Fanny B.Dickson, RaymondDonnan, John K.Dow, AndrewDunn, De Witt C.Dunn, T. C.Eagle, Joe H.Edwards, S. V.Ellis, A. CaswellEvans, JinkEx-Students' Association of the University of TexasFenn, Joseph J.Ferguson, James E.Finley, R. W.Finley, W. P.Finty, T. M., Jr.Fitzgerald, Hugh N.Fitzhugh, H. A.Fitzhugh, P. A.Fitzhugh, WilliamFoster, L. L.Foster, Marcellus E.Francis, CharlesFulmore, Sterling R.Fulmore, Z. T.Garner, Carrie McKeeGarner, John NanceGary, HampsonGibbs, C. C.Gibson, James P.Ginnuth, WilliamGoach, Tom C.Gossett, M. H.Graham, W. HurrayGraves, AmosGraves, MarvinGreen, Jno. E., Jr.Gregory, T. W.Groos, Martin E.Gunter, JotHall, DonHall, W. E.Hamby, William R.Hamilton, A. D.Hamlin, C. S.Hancock, LewisHardy, D. H.Hardy, RufusHarlan, SamHarnell, DavidHarrison, BobHarrison, N. M.Hefley, W. T.Henderson, T. F.Henry, Robert L.Hicks, MarshallHill, E. P.Hinton, A. P.Hintze, B. P.Hippelheuser, Richard H.Hobby, W. P.Hogg, ImaHogg, James S.Hogg, MikeHogg, Hill C.Holliday, R. L.Holliday, Tom C.Holt, O. T.Hornaday, W. D.Hornsby, Jno. w.House, EdithHouse, Edwin, IIHouse, EltonHouse, Henry C.House, James H. B.House, LoulieHouse, s. H.House, T. W. (brother)House, T. W. (nephew)House, T. W. (great nephew)Houston, Helen (Mrs. D. F. )Houston, D. F.Howard, RufusHowe, W. S.Howze, J. E.Howze, Robert LeeHudson, R. W.Hunter, A. C.Hunter, Mrs. A. C.Hunter, Elton P.Hutcheson, J. C.Hutcheson, J. C., Jr.Hutcheson, PalmerHutchings, HenryHutchins, SpencerJackson, H. M.Jacobs, SolJameson, Howard BakerJameson, Joe LeeJameson, Malcolm R.Jester, Claude W.Jester, George T.John, Robert AJohns, C. D.Johnson, JeffersonJohnston, R. M.Jones, I. J.Jones, T. N.Jordan, H. P.Jurney, C. W.Keasbey, Lindley M.Kelso, WinchesterKimbrough, W. H.Kirlicks, John A.Kittrell, N. G.Kone, EdvlardLamkin, J. C.Landa, HarryLane, JonathanLanham, S. W. T.Lauraine, W. W.Lockett, R. R.Lombardi, C.Long, Walter E.Longcape, E. M.Love, Thomas B.Lovett, Edgar o.Lovinggood, R. S.Lubbock, W. L.Lucy, JamesLynn, MooreMabry, W. H..McAshau, J. E.McClendon, James W.McCollum, A. R.McCulloch, Ben E.McDaniel C. E.McDonald, W. J. ("Captain Bill")MacGregor, W. W.McIver, A.McLean, SadieMcLean, W. P.McLemore, JeffMcNeel, J. S.Madden, J. W.Malone, Clarence M.Malone, WilliamMarcus, HerbertMarsh, Charles E.Martin, David P.Maxey, Thomas S.Mayfield, AllisonMayfield, Earle B.Mayfield, J. C.Mayfield, John c.Mayfield, John s.Mead, Theodore L.Pabst, Fred C.Parker, J. B.Parker, W. R.Paschal, T. M.Paulus, D. A.Payne, c. w.Pearce, WinbournPenn, John C.Poole, O. H.Potts, C. S.Price, ArchiePrince, R. E.Pryor, IkeRamsey, W. F.Rayburn, SamRegan, John H.Reeves, GeorgeRice, H. B.Rice, J. S.Rice, William M.Richards, J. M.Riddle, LeeRoberdeau, Roger C.Robertson, William F.Rogers, C. A.Rogers, J. B.Rogers, J. H.Ross, Frank R.Rosser, C. H.Roton, EdwardRountree, Lee J.Ryan, RosineSammons, "Major" EdwardSammons, Ed1Zvard H.Sanmlons, "Lily" (Mary H. )Saner, R. E. L.Sayers, Joseph D.Scherdirig, Laura TipsSealey, GeorgeSells, CatoSevier, Clara D.Sevier, H. H.Shands, H. A.Shaw, GusShaw, W. A.Shearn, Charles P.Shepard, Lilla D.Shepherd, James L.Sheppard, MorrisSimmang, Theodore E.Simpson, Willard L.Sims, J. G., Jr.Slayden, James L.Smith, CecilSmith, Mrs. Cecil H.Smith, FortSmith, Tom S.Smith, W. R.Smoot, A. G.Sparks, SamSpellman, John M.Springer, P. N.Stacy, HartwoodStacy, William H.Starr, Amory R.Stayton, Robert W.Storey, L. J.Storey, Mrs. L. J.Strickland, J. F.Swayne, James W.Tabor, George R.Taliaferro, SinclairTaliaferro, Thomas S.Tankersley, L. J.Tate, J. WaddyTempleton, Q. C.Terrell, John L.Terry, J. WilliamTexas, University ofThomson, R. M.Thomson, Thad A.Thomson, Thad A., Jr.Thorn, J. H.Thornton, Torn C.Thornton, William M.Tibbitt, J. S.Tips, EugeneTips, WalterTorbert, J. KeithTrezevant, James H.Turner, John S.Ujffy, M. S.Upton, Walter HbwardVale, Sam P.Vaughan, R. M.Vining, Will L.Vinson, Carroll L.Vinson, Robert E.Walker, A. S.Walker, I. W.Walker, John H. B.Wallace, H. H.Walthall, James D.Ward, Mrs. R. H.Warren, Fred M.Waties, J. R.Watkins, Royall R.Watson, RoyWebb, S., Jr.WeIls, James B.West, George lel.Whatley, L. A.White, Coley C.White, F. S.White, Tom J.Willacy, John G.Williams, PearlWolters, JacobWorsham, B. M.Wortham, John L.Wortham,Louis J.Ziller, Robert L.Zimpleman, George B.

Indexed Terms

World War, 1914-1918
Hopkins Grammar School (New Haven, Conn.)
League of Nations
Paris Peace Conference. United States Territorial Section (1919-1920. United States Territorial Section) -- 1919-1920
Abbott, Gordon, 1863-1937
Ackerman, Carl W. (Carl William), 1890-1970
Alber, Louis John, 1879-1962
Anderson, George Weston, 1861-1938
Andrews, Frank, 1864-1936
Andrews, Matthew Page, 1879-1947
Auchincloss, Gordon, 1886-1943
Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937
Balfour, Arthur James, 1848-1930
Baruch, Bernard M. (Bernard Mannes), 1870-1965
Benson, William Shepherd, 1855-1932
Bingham, Robert Worth, 1871-1937
Bok, Edward William, 1863-1930
Brown, William Garrott, 1868-1913
Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925
Bryce, James Bryce, Viscount, 1838-1922
Bullitt, William C. (William Christian), 1891-1967
Burleson, Albert Sidney, 1863-1937
Child, Richard Washburn, 1881-1935
Clemenceau, Georges, 1841-1929
Crane, Charles Richard, 1858-1939
Cudahy, John, 1887-1943
Culberson, Charles A. (Charles Allen), 1855-1925
Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948
Davis, John W. (John William), 1873-1955
Davison, Henry Pomeroy, 1898-1961
Dodd, William E. (William Edward), 1869-1940
Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926
Farley, James A. (James Aloysius), 1888-1976
Finley, John H. (John Huston), 1863-1940
Fisher, Irving, 1867-1947
Fletcher, Henry Prather, 1873-1959
Fosdick, Raymond B. (Raymond Blaine), 1883-1972
Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965
Gerard, James W. (James Watson), 1867-1951
Gherardi, Walter Rockwell, 1875-1939
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934
Gore, Thomas P. (Thomas Pryor), 1870-1949
Grant, Jesse Root, 1858-1934
Grew, Joseph C. (Joseph Clark), 1880-1965
Grey of Fallodon, Edward Grey, Viscount, 1862-1933
Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938
Hammond, John Hays, 1855-1936
Herron, George Davis, 1862-1925
Hogg, James Stephen, 1851-1906
Hogg, William Clifford, 1875-1930
Hooper, Franklin Henry, 1862-1940
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964
House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938
House, Loulie Hunter
Houston, David Franklin, 1866-1940
Houston, Herbert S. (Herbert Sherman), 1865-
Howard, Roy Wilson, 1883-1964
Howe, Frederic C., 1867-1940
Howe, Louis M. (Louis McHenry), 1871-1936
Hudson, Manley O. (Manley Ottmer), 1886-1960
Hurley, Edward N. (Edward Nash), 1864-1933
Hyde, James H. (James Hazen), 1876-1959
Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937
Jones, Jesse H. (Jesse Holman), 1874-1956
Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931
Kahn, Otto H., 1867-1934
Lambert, Henri, 1872-1934
Lamont, Thomas W. (Thomas William), 1870-1948
Lane, Franklin K.
Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928
Laughlin, Irwin B. (Irwin Boyle), 1871-1941
Lippmann, Walter, 1889-1974
Little, Arthur West, 1873-1943
Lloyd George, David, 1863-1945
Logan, Thomas Francis, 1881-1928
Love, Thomas Bell, 1870-1948
Lovett, R. S. (Robert Scott), 1860-1932
Lowell, A. Lawrence (Abbott Lawrence), 1856-1943
Lowry, Edward G. (Edward George), 1876-1943
MacFarlane, Peter Clark, 1871-1924
Malone, Clarence M., 1885-1960
McAdoo, W. G. (William Gibbs), 1863-1941
McCormick, Cyrus H. (Cyrus Hall), 1859-1936
McCormick, Vance Criswell, 1872-1946
McReynolds, James Clark, 1862-1946
Morgan, William Forbes, 1879-1937
Morgenthau, Henry, 1856-1946
Morris, Robert T. (Robert Tuttle), 1857-1945
Noel-Buxton, Noel Noel-Buxton, Baron, 1869-1948
Page, Arthur W. (Arthur Wilson), 1883-1960
Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918
Paine, Albert Bigelow, 1861-1937
Peabody, George Foster, 1852-1938
Pershing, John J. (John Joseph), 1860-1948
Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946
Polk, Frank Lyon, 1871-1943
Quincy, Josiah, 1859-1919
Ramsey, William F., 1855-1922
Rappard, William E. (William Emmanuel), 1883-1958
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
Sayers, Joseph Draper, 1841-1929
Seymour, Charles, 1885-1963
Sharp, William Graves, 1859-1922
Sheppard, Morris, 1875-1941
Sherrill, Charles Hitchcock, 1867-1936
Shotwell, James T., 1874-1965
Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944
Smith, Harold Leonard, 1896-1971
Steffens, Lincoln, 1866-1936
Straight, Willard Dickerman, 1880-1918
Sweet, William E. (William Ellery), 1869-1942
Thompson, Samuel Huston, 1842-
Thomson, Thaddeus Austin, 1853-1927
Trumbull, Frank, 1858-1920
Tumulty, Joseph P. (Joseph Patrick), 1879-1954
Vanderbilt, Cornelius, 1898-1974
Viereck, George Sylvester, 1884-1962
Wallace, Hugh Campbell, 1863-1931
Warburg, Paul M. (Paul Moritz), 1868-1932
Watt, George, Sir, 1851-1930
Wedgwood, Josiah Clement Wedgwood, baron, 1872-1943
Wells, James Brent, 1901-1962
White, William Allen, 1868-1944
Whitlock, Brand, 1869-1934
Wiley, Louis, 1869-1935
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924
Wise, Stephen S. (Stephen Samuel), 1874-1949
Wiseman, William, Sir, 1885-
Germany -- History -- 1918-1933
New York (State)
Texas -- Politics and government -- 1865-1950
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1913-1921
United States -- Politics and government -- 20th Century

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