The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments : together with the Apocrypha, translated out of the original tongues, and with the former translations diligently compared and revised : with Canne's marginal notes and references : to which are added an index, an alphabetical table, of all the names in the Old and New Testaments, with their significations, tables of scripture weights, measures, and coins, &c
Elihu Phinney (1756–1813) was the first printer in Cooperstown, New York. In the early 1790s he lived in Canaan, Columbia County, New York, where he published the Columbian Mercury, and Canaan Repository of Rural Knowledge.
Phinney's company contributed to Cooperstown's status as a major publishing center through the first half of the 19th century.
His sons, Henry and Elihu Phinney Jr., took over the business in 1813, upon their father's death and became known for the 138 Bible editions that they publishing between 1822 and 1848, when their company, H. & E. Phinney, moved to Buffalo.
The Phinneys’ Bible publishing business, as noted at the top of the title page of this 1840 edition, relied on the firm’s stereotypes of Bible pages, proofed twice for accuracy in their entirety. The younger Elihu once stated that the company produced 154,000 copies of the Bible in Cooperstown in many different editions. About two thirds of these Bibles included the Apocrypha.
Phinney Bibles printed in or before 1848 came from Cooperstown, like this one. At about that time, however, the company acquired more modern presses, several workers lost their jobs, and the plant was destroyed in a fire. The company rebuilt some 200 miles to the west in Buffalo, New York, where additional Phinney Bibles were printed until the late 1850s.
A copy of H. & E. Phinney’s 1828 "Authorized" (i.e., King James) edition of the Bible, containing Old and New Testaments, as well as the Apocrypha was used by Mormon founder Joseph Smith as a basis for his "translation" of the Bible written between 1830 and 1833.
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